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Tokushi Yoron

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Editions and Copyright Information

The edition of TOKUSHI YORON inserted on JHTI is taken from the Tokushi Yoron (12 volumes; Edo 1860) printed by Yamashiroya Sahei et al. A copy of this edition is in the Mitsui Bunko collection held by the East Asian Library in Berkeley.

The English translation of the TOKUSHI YORON inserted on JHTI is Lessons from History: The Tokushi Yoron by Arai Hakuseki, translated by Joyce Ackroyd (University of Queensland Press, 1982). Permission to publish this translation electronically was granted by the University of Queensland Press in 2006. All rights are reserved by the University of Queensland Press. No person or institution is permitted to publish electronically or mechanically any portion of this translation beyond brief quotations or other fair use recognized by international law. Nor is any person or institution permitted to place this translation on CD-ROM's or convert this translation to printed copies for sale.

Each page or paragraph of the Japanese original of the TOKUSHI YORON is cross-tagged with the corresponding paragraph of the English translation. This makes it possible for the user to see both versions of a paragraph ON THE SAME SCREEN.